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About C.N.R. Rao | Indian Scientist

C. N. R. Rao

Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao also known as C.N.R. Rao (Born 30 June 1934), is an Indian chemist who has worked mainly in solid state and structural chemistry and currently serves as the head of the scientific advisory council to the prime Minister of India. He has honorary doctorates from 60 universities from around the world, and has authored around to 1,600 research publications and 51 books. 

C.N.R. Rao
Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao 03650.JPG
Born30 June 1934 (age 85)
Bangalore, Kingdom of Mysore, British India
Alma materMysore University (BS)
Banaras Hindu University (MS)
Purdue University (PhD)
Known forSolid-state chemistry
Materials science
AwardsShanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology (1969)
Hughes Medal (2000)
India Science Award (2004)
Abdus Salam Medal (2008)
Dan David Prize (2005)
Legion of Honor (2005)
Royal Medal (2009)
Padma Shri (1974)
Padma Vibhushan (1985)
Bharat Ratna (2013)
Order of the Rising Sun (2015)
Order of Friendship (2009)
National Order of Scientific Merit (2012)
Scientific career
InstitutionsIndian Space Research Organisation
IIT Kanpur
Indian Institute of Science
University of Oxford
University of Cambridge
University of California, Santa Barbara
Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research

On 16 November 2013, the government of India announced his selection for Bharat ratna, the highest civilian award in India, making him the third scientist after CV Raman and APJ Abdul Kalam to receive the award. He was Conferred the award on 4 February 2014 by president pranab Mukherjee in a special ceremony in the durbar Hall of the Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Early life and Education

He was born in Bangalore to Hanumantha Nagesa Rao and Nagamma Rao. He was an only child, and his learned parents made an academic environment. He learned Hindu literature from his mother and in English from his father at an early age. He did not elementary School but was home tutored by his mother, who was particularly skilled in a arithmetic and Hindu literature and entered middle school in 1940 at age of six. He used to tutor his classmates in mathematics and English. He attended aacharya pathshala high School in Basavanagudi, which made a lasting influence on his interest in chemistry. He studied BSc at Central college, Bangalore. He obtained his bachelor's degree from Mysore University in 1951 in first class, and only at the age of seventeen. He obtained a Master's in chemistry from BHU 2 years later. In 1953 he was granted a scholarship for PhD in IIT kharagpur after he continued his further studies in foreign universities in Purdue. His first research paper was published in Agra University journal of research in 1954. He completed PhD in 1958, only after 2 years and 9 months, and the age 24.

Personal life

Rao is married to indumati Rao in 1960. They have two children, Sanjay and suchitra. He is technophobic and he never checks is email by himself. He also said that he uses the mobile phone only to talk his wife.

Indian government honours

Padma Shri in 1974
Padma vibhushan in 1985
Karnataka ratna by the Karnataka state government in 2001
Bharat ratna in 2014

Foreign Honours
great cross of the national order of scientific merit from the president of Brazil in 2002
Chevalier de la L├ęgion d'honneur in 2005
Order of friendship by the President of Russia in 2009
Order of rising sun of Japan in 2015

Rao is one of the world's foremost solid state and materials chemists. He walked on transition metal oxide has led to basic understanding of novel phenomenon and the relationship between materials properties and the structural chemistry of these materials.
He was one of the earliest to synthesise two dimensional oxide materials such as La2CuO4 

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