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About Anna Mani | Indian Scientist

Anna Mani

Anna Mani(23 August 1918-16 August 2001) was an Indian physicist and meteorological. She retired as the deputy director general of Indian meteorological department. And served as a visiting professor at the Raman research institute. She made several contribution to the field of meteorological instrumentation conducted research and published numerous papers on solar radiation, ozone and wind energy measurements.

Anna Mani
Anna Mani.jpg
Anna Mani
Born23 August 1918
Travancore, Kerala
Died16 August 2001 (aged 82)
Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
Scientific career
FieldsMeteorology, Physics
InstitutionsIndian Meteorological Department, Pune

Early life

She was born in 1918 at paramakudi. Her father was a civil engineer and an agnostic. She was the seventh of eight children in her family. She was a voracious reader in her childhood.and was impressed by the activities of Gandhi during Vaikom satyagraha. She always wearing only khadi garments.
Her family was a typical upper class professional household where from childhood the male children were groomed for high level careers, whereas the daughter were primed for marriage. But Anna mani would have none of it. She read several books in her childhood and the world of books opened her to new ideas and Imbued in her a deep sense of social Justice which informed and shaped her life.


She wanted to pursue dancing but she decided in favour of physics because she killed like the subject. In 1939 she graduated from pachaiyappas college in Madras with honours degree in physics and chemistry. In 1940 she won a scholarship for research in the Indian institute of science Bangalore. She went to imperial college in London in 1945 to study physics. However, she ended up specialising in meteorological institute.


Shiva under professor Solomon pappaiah, researching the optical properties of Ruby and diamond. She joined the meteorological department in Pune after returning to India in 1948. She published numerous research papers on meteorological instrumentation. And mostly responsible for arranging for meteorological instrument, imported from 1953, she had became the head of the division with a 121 man working for her. She wished to make India dependent in weather instruments.

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