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About Indian Scientist A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

About Indian Scientist Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (11th President of India)

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was an aerospace scientist who served as the 11th president of India in 2002 with the support of both the ruling Bhartiya Janta party and the then opposition Indian National Congress. He was born in 15 October 1931 in rameswaram Tamil Nadu.
 
Source : Wikipedia
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
A.P.J Abdul Kalam.png
11th President of India
In office
25 July 2002 – 25 July 2007
Prime MinisterAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Manmohan Singh
Vice PresidentKrishan Kant
Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
Preceded byK. R. Narayanan
Succeeded byPratibha Patil
Personal details
Born
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam

15 October 1931
Rameswaram, Madras Presidency, British India
(now in Ramanathapuram, Tamil Nadu, India)
Died27 July 2015 (aged 83)
Shillong, Meghalaya, India
Resting placeDr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam National Memorial
NationalityIndian
Alma materSt. Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli
Madras Institute of Technology
Profession
  • Aerospace scientist
  • Author
AwardsPadma Bhushan (1981)
Padma Vibhushan (1990)
Bharat Ratna (1997)
Hoover Medal (2009)
NSS Von Braun Award (2013)
Notable work(s)Wings of FireIndia 2020Ignited MindsIndomitable SpiritTranscendence: My Spiritual Experiences with Pramukh Swamiji
Signature
Websiteabdulkalam.com
Scientific career
FieldsAerospace Engineering
InstitutionsDefence Research and Development Organisation
Indian Space Research Organisation

He did aerospace engineering and spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the defense research and development organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space research organisation(ISRO)and was intimately involved in India's civilian space program and military missile development efforts. He known for the missile man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. He did nuclear test in India's pokhran II in 1998. The first since original nuclear test by  India in 1974. 

Early life and education

APJ Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 to Tamil Muslim family on pamban island.
His father jainulabdeen where's the boat owner and imam of local mosque. His mother ashiamma was a housewife. Kalam was the youngest of four brothers and one sister in his family.
Why is early childhood, Kalam family had became poor; adult early age, he sold newspaper to supplement his family's income.
In his school years, Kalam had average grades but was described as a bright and hardworking student who had a strong desire to learn. He spent hours on his studies specially mathematics. He complete his education schwartz higher secondary School.and went on to attend saint Joseph's college. Then Affiliated vidhya University of Madras from where he graduated in physics in 1954. And moved to Madras in 1955 to study aerospace engineering in Madras institute of technology.

Career as a scientist

After graduating from the Madras institute of technology in 1960,Kalam join the aeronautical development establishment of defence research and development organisations as a scientist after became a member of defence research and development service. And started his career by designing a small hovercraft. He was also part of the INCOSPAR committee working under Vikram sarabhai.

Dr A P J Abdul Kalam addresses the 14th Convocation ceremony at the Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati
Dr A P J Abdul Kalam addresses the 14th Convocation ceremony at IIT Guwahati (Image Source : Wiki)

In 1969 he was transferred to the Indian Space research organisation where he was the project director of India's first satellite launch vehicle which successfully deployed the rohini satellite in near Earth orbit in July 1980. Between 1970 and 1990, Kalam made an effort to develop the polar satellite launch vehicle and SLV-lll projects which proved to be successful. Kalam played major part in developing many missiles under the mission including Agni, and intermediate range ballistic missile and prithvi the tactical surface to surface missile, although the project have been criticized for mismanagement and cost and time overruns.
Kalam served as the chief scientific advisor to the prime Minister and Secretary of the defence research and development organisation from July 1992 to December 1999.the pokhran II nuclear test were conducted during this period in which he played and intensive political and technological role. he served as the chief project coordinator, along with rajagopala chidambaram during the testing phase. media coverage of Kalam during this period made him the country's best known nuclear test scientist.

Personal life

Kalam was the youngest of 5 siblings, the eldest of whom was a sister, Asim zohra. he was extremely close to his elder siblings and their extended families throughout his life, and would regularly send small sums of money to his order relation, himself remaining a lifelong bachelor.

Kalam was noted for his integrity and a simple lifestyle. never owned the television,and was in the habit of rising at 6:30 or 7:00 a.m. and sleeping by 2:00am.his few personal profession included his books,his Veena, some article of clothing, a CD player and a laptop; at his dad, he left no will, and his possessions went to his eldest brother, who survived him.

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