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About Yash Pal | Indian Scientist

Yash Pal (Indian Scientist)

Yash Pal (26 November 1926 – 24 July 2017) he was an Indian scientist, educator and educationist and known for his contribution to the study of cosmic rays, as well as for being an institution builder. Later years, he became one of the leading science communicators of the country.
He started his career at Tata institute of fundamental research, he later remained chairman of the University grants commission from 1986 to 1991.
Yash Pal
Prof. Yash Pal.jpg
Prof. Yash Pal at the inauguration of the IUCAA Girawali Observatory in 2006
Born
Yash Pal

26 November 1926
Jhang, British India
(now in Punjab, Pakistan)
Died24 July 2017 (aged 90)
Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
CitizenshipIndian
Alma mater
  • University of the Punjab
  • Panjab University, Chandigarh
    MIT
Known forSpace science, Education, Television anchor, Public Outreach
AwardsPadma Vibhushan (2013)
Padma Bhushan (1976)
Marconi Prize (1980)
Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award
Kalinga Award (2009)
Scientific career
FieldsPhysics, Astrophysics
InstitutionsTIFR, Mumbai, Space Applications Centre, Ahmedabad, University Grants Commission (India)
Doctoral advisorBruno Rossi
Notable studentsShyam Tandon


Early life


He was born in 1926 in Punjab province, British India, now in Pakistan. He had a peaceful life in the town of Quetta with his parents until the disastrous 1935 quetta earthquake when young yashpal and his siblings were rescued from beneath the remains of the buildings that were razed down to ground. 

Education

He did BSc honours in physics at Lahore campus of the undivided University of the Punjab, where he also participated in the students Union at Lahore as student activist. His final year of BSc were disrupted once again due to partition and then visiting Delhi due to his father's job transfer and could not return to Lahore to resume his studies due to the riots that broke out after partition.
during 1947 - 1949, he continued his studies in Delhi campus of the newly carved up Punjab University and received the MSc degree in physics from Punjab University in 1949. After that he obtained the PhD degree in physics from the Massachusetts institute of technology in 1958.

Career
He started his career at the Tata institute of fundamental research, Bombay as a member of the cosmic rays group. The government of India set up its Department of space and embarked on an independent space program in 1972. He took charge as the first director of the newly set up Space Application Centre, Ahmedabad in 1973 and at the same time, he continued to be on the faculty of TIFR. He was a member of UN advisory committee on science and technology of development, scientific council, international centre for theoretical physics, Trieste and Executive Committee and United Nations University, and he was vice President of international Union of pure and applied physics Indian national science academy in the year of 1980 to 1981. He was the chancellor of jawaharlal nehru University.

Awards and honours

1976 the Indian government awarded him the Padma bhushan for his contribution to science and space technology. A fellow of Indian national science academy, Paul was made a Marconi Fellow in 1980 for his work at the Space Application Centre in Ahmedabad. He received the kalinga prize for the popularization of science in 2009. He also received Lal bahadur shastri national award for excellence in public administration academic and Management in October 2011.
Pal was honoured with the Padma Bhushan in 1976 and the Padma vibhushan in 2013, the third and second highest Indian civilian honours. He also received the Indira Gandhi prize for popularization of science in 2000 and  the Meghnad saha Medal in 2006 for his outstanding contribution to science.




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