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Homi J. Bhabha | Indian Scientist

Homi J. Bhabha

Source : Wikipedia
Homi Jehangir Bhabha

FRS
Homi Jehangir Bhabha 1960s.jpg
Born30 October 1909
Bombay, British India (present-day Mumbai India)
Died24 January 1966 (aged 56)
Mont Blanc, Alps
Cause of deathAir India Flight 101 crash
NationalityIndian
Alma materUniversity of Cambridge (BS, PhD)
Known forIndian nuclear programme
Cascade process of Cosmic radiations
point particles
Bhabha Scattering
Theoretical prediction of Muon
AwardsAdams Prize (1942)
Padma Bhushan (1954)
Fellow of the Royal Society
Scientific career
FieldsNuclear Physics
InstitutionsAtomic Energy Commission of India
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
Cavendish Laboratory
Indian Institute of Science
Trombay Atomic Energy Establishment
Doctoral advisorRalph H. Fowler
Other academic advisorsPaul Dirac
Homi jehangir bhabha (30 October 1909 - 24 January 1966) was an Indian nuclear physicist,founding director and professor of physics at the Tata institute of fundamental research. Mainly known as the father of Indian nuclear programme. he was also the founding director of atomic energy establishment, Trombay which is now named the bhabha atomic research centre in his honour.
He was awarded the Addams price in 1942 and Padma bhushan in 1954. He was also nominated for the Nobel prize for physics in 1951 and 1953 to 1956.

Early life and education

He was born into a prominent wealthy parsi family, he was born on 30 October 1909 and his father was jahangir Hormusji bhabha a well known parsi lawyer and his mother was meheren.
His earlier studies at Bombay's Cathedral and John Connon School and entered elphinstonecollege at age 15 after passing his senior Cambridge examination with honours.
Bhabha (right) at the International Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy in GenevaSwitzerland, 20 August 1955

then attended the royal institute of science in 1927 before joining Caius college of Cambridge University. He obtained the degree in mechanical engineering from Cambridge and then return to India,where he would join the TATA steel or Tata steel mills in jamshedpur as a metallurgist.

Career

Starting his nuclear physics career in Britain,bhabha had returned to India for his annual vacation before the start of world war II in September 1939. And accepted a post of reader in physics at the Indian institute of science in Bengaluru. During this time bhabha played a key role in convincing the Congress party senior leaders to start the ambitious nuclear program. He established the cosmic rays research unit at the institute, begin to work on the theory of point particles movement, while independently conducting research on nuclear weapons in 1944. Nehru led the appointed of bhabha in 1948 as the director of the nuclear programme and tasked bhabha to develop the nuclear weapons Soon after. In 1950 bhabha represented India in international atomic energy agency conferences and served as President of the United Nation conference on the peaceful uses of atomic energy in Geneva Switzerland in 1955.
Baba gained international prominence after deriving a correct expression for the probability of scattering positron by electrons, a process known as bhabha scattering. His major contribution including his work on Compton scattering, R process, and further more the advancement of nuclear physics. later he served as the member of Indian cabinet's scientific advisory committee and provided the pivotal role to Vikram sarabhai to set up the Indian national committee for space research.

Atomic energy in India

When he was at the India institute of science, there was no institute in India which had the necessary facilities for original work in nuclear physics, cosmic rays, and high energy physics, and other frontiers of knowledge in physics.this prompted him to send a proposal in March 1944 to the Sir Dorabji Tata trust for establishing 'a vigorous school research in fundamental physics'.and then Bombay was chosen as the location as the government of Bombay showed interest in becoming a joint founder of the proposed institute. The institute named Tata institute of fundamental research.


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