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Satyendra Nath Bose | Indian Scientist

Satyendra Nath Bose

Source : Wikipedia 
Satyendra Nath Bose
Satyendra Nath Bose in 1925
Born1 January 1894
Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India
Died4 February 1974 (aged 80)
Calcutta, India
Alma materUniversity of Calcutta (B.Sc., M.Sc.)
Known forBose–Einstein condensate
Bose–Einstein statistics
Bose–Einstein distribution
Bose–Einstein correlations
Bose gas
Ideal Bose Equation of State
Photon gas
Spouse(s)Ushabati Bose (née Ghosh)
AwardsPadma Vibhushan
Fellow of the Royal Society
Scientific career
InstitutionsUniversity of Calcutta
University of Dhaka
Academic advisorsJagadish Chandra Bose
Prafulla Chandra Ray
Doctoral studentsPurnima Sinha
Partha Ghose
Siva Brata Bhattacherjee
Other notable studentsMani Lal Bhaumik
Lilabati Bhattacharjee
Asima Chatterjee
Ratan Lal Brahmachary
InfluencesAlbert Einstein
Signature Satyendranath Bose.svg
Satyendra Nath Bose (1 January 1894 - 4 February 1974) was an Indian physicist specialising in theoretical physics. Best known for his work on quantum mechanics in early 1920s, Providing for Bose Einstein statistics and the theory of Bose Einstein condensate. He was awarded India's second highest civilian award, the Padma vibhushan in 1954 by the government of India.

Early life

He was born in Kolkata, and the eldest of seven children in a Bengali kayastha family, and was the only son, with six sister after him.his schooling begin at the age of 5 year his home and after that he was admitted into the new Indian school. He completed his final year of school in Hindu School. He passed his entrance examination in 1909 and stood fifth in the order of merit.Next joined the intermediate science course at presidency college Kolkata. he choose mixed mathematics for his BSc and passed the examination standing first in 1930 and again stood first in the MSc mixed mathematics exam in 1915.
After completing his MSc he joined the University of Calcutta as a research scholars in 1916 and started his studies in the theory of relativity.
His father, Surendra Nath Bose, in the engineering department of the East Indian railway company. He married with Ushabati Ghosh, daughter of prominent Kolkata physician. They had 9 childrens two of home died in early childhood.
Satyendra Nath Bose

As a polyglot, was was well versed in several languages such as Bengali, English, German and Sanskrit as well as poetry.

Research career
From 1916 21921, he was a lecturer in physics department of the University of Calcutta. Along with Saha, prepare the first book in English based on German and French translation of original papers on Einstein special and general relativity in 1921, he joined as reader of the department of physics of the recently founded University of Dhaka. Bose setup whole new departments, including laboratories, to take advance course for MSc and BSc honours and taught thermodynamics as well as James clerk Maxwell's theory of electromagnetism.
boss wrote a paper deriving Planck's quantum radiation law without any reference to classical physics by using a novel way of counting States with identical particles. He worked for 2 years in European x-ray and crystallography laboratories, during which he worked with Louis de broglie, Marie Curie and Einstein.

Other fields

Apart from physics, he did some research in biotechnology and literature. He made deep studies in chemistry, geology, zoology, anthropology, engineering and other sciences. Being Bengali, he devoted a lot of time to promoting Bengali as a teaching language, translating scientific papers into it, and promoting the development of the region.

Nobel prize nomination

SN Bose was nominated for the Nobel prize in physics for his contribution to Bose Einstein statistics and the unified field theory.


In 1937 rabindranath tagore dedicated his only book on science, vishva-parichay, to Satyendra Nath Bose. In 1959 appointed as the national professor, highest honour in the country for a scholar, a position he held for 15 years.
later became an advisor to the newly formed council of scientific and industrial research and was the president of Indian physical society and the national institute of science. He was elected general president of Indian science Congress and he was the vice president and the president of Indian statistical institute. In 1958, he became a fellow of the Royal society and was nominated as member of rajya Sabha.

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