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About SpaceX ( Space Exploration Technologies ) | Nitishsay

SpaceX

Space Exploration Technologies Corp., doing business as SpaceX, is a private American aerospace manufacturer and space transportation services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California. It was founded in 2002 by Elon Musk with the goal of reducing space transportation costs to enable the colonization of Mars. SpaceX has developed the Falcon launch vehicle family and the Dragon spacecraft family.


Space Exploration Technologies Corp.
Type
Private
IndustryAerospace
FoundedMay 6, 2002; 17 years ago
FounderElon Musk 
Headquarters
Hawthorne, California, U.S.
33.9207°N 118.3278°W
Key people
  • Elon Musk
  • Gwynne Shotwell

Products
  • Several launch vehicles
  • Dragon capsules
  • Merlin, Raptor and Kestrel rocket engines
  • ASDS landing platforms
  • Starship (in development)
  • Starlink satellite constellation
ServicesOrbital rocket launch
OwnerElon Musk Trust
(54% equity; 78% voting control)
Number of employees
7,000
(November 2019)
Websitewww.spacex.com


SpaceX's achievements include the first privately funded liquid-propellant rocket to reach orbit (Falcon 1 in 2008), the first private company to successfully launch, orbit, and recover a spacecraft (Dragon in 2010), the first private company to send a spacecraft to the International Space Station (Dragon in 2012), the first propulsive landing for an orbital rocket (Falcon 9 in 2015), the first reuse of an orbital rocket (Falcon 9 in 2017), and the first private company to launch an object into orbit around the sun (Falcon Heavy's payload of a Tesla Roadster in 2018). SpaceX has flown 18 resupply missions to the International Space Station (ISS) under a partnership with NASA. NASA also awarded SpaceX a further development contract in 2011 to develop and demonstrate a human-rated Dragon, which would be used to transport astronauts to the ISS and return them safely to Earth. SpaceX conducted the maiden launch of its Crew Dragon spacecraft on a NASA-required demonstration flight (Crew Dragon Demo-1) on March 2, 2019 and is set to launch its first crewed Crew Dragon in March 2020.

In December 2015, a Falcon 9 accomplished a propulsive vertical landing. This was the first such achievement by a rocket for orbital spaceflight. In April 2016, with the launch of CRS-8, SpaceX successfully vertically landed the first stage on an ocean drone ship landing platform. In May 2016, in another first, SpaceX again landed the first stage, but during a significantly more energetic geostationary transfer orbit mission. In March 2017, SpaceX became the first to successfully re-launch and land the first stage of an orbital rocket. In January 2020, with the third launch of the Starlink project, SpaceX became the largest commercial satellite constellation operator in the world.

In September 2016, CEO Elon Musk unveiled the Interplanetary Transport System, a privately funded launch system to develop spaceflight technology for use in crewed interplanetary spaceflight. In 2018, Musk unveiled an updated configuration of the system, named Starship, which is planned to be fully reusable and will be the largest rocket ever on its debut, scheduled for the early 2020s.

Achievements


Major achievements of SpaceX are in the reuse of orbital class launch vehicles and cost reduction in the spacelaunch industry. Most notable of these being the continued landings and relaunches of the first stage of Falcon 9. As of November 2019, SpaceX has used a single first stage booster, B1048, at most four times. SpaceX is defined as a private space company and thus its achievements can also be counted as firsts by a private company.

Landmark achievements of SpaceX in chronological order include:

  • The first privately funded liquid-fueled rocket to reach orbit (Falcon 1 flight 4 on 28 September 2008)
  • The first privately developed liquid-fueled rocket to put a commercial satellite in orbit (RazakSAT on Falcon 1 flight 5 on 14 July 2009)
  • The first private company to successfully launch, orbit, and recover a spacecraft (SpaceX Dragon on COTS Demo Flight 1 on 9 December 2010)
  • The first private company to send a spacecraft to the International Space Station (Dragon C2+ on 25 May 2012)
  • The first private company to send a satellite into geosynchronous orbit (SES-8 on Falcon 9 flight 7 on 3 December 2013)
  • The first landing of an orbital rocket's first stage on land (Falcon 9 flight 20 on 22 December 2015)
  • The first landing of an orbital rocket's first stage on an ocean platform (Falcon 9 flight 23 on 8 April 2016)
  • The first relaunch and landing of a used orbital rocket stage (B1021 on Falcon 9 flight 32 on 30 March 2017)
  • The first controlled flyback and recovery of a payload fairing (Falcon 9 flight 32 on 30 March 2017)
  • The first reflight of a commercial cargo spacecraft. (Dragon C106 on CRS-11 mission on 3 June 2017)
  • The first private company to send a human-rated spacecraft to space (Crew Dragon Demo-1, on Falcon 9 flight 69 on 2 March 2019)
  • The first private company to autonomously dock a spacecraft to the International Space Station (Crew Dragon Demo-1, on Falcon 9 flight 69 on 2 March 2019)
  • The first use of a full flow staged combustion cycle engine (Raptor) in a free flying vehicle (Starhopper, multiple test in 2019).
  • The first reuse of payload fairing. On 11 November 2019 on Starlink L1 Falcon 9 launch. Fairing was from the ArabSat-6A mission in April earlier that year.

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