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About Sunder LaL Hora | Indian Scientist

Sunder Lal Hora

Dr.Sundar Lal Hora born in 2 may 1896 and died in 8 December 1955. He was an Indian ichthyologist and was known for his biographical theory on the affinities of Western ghats and Indo Malayan forms. He was the second Indian director of the zoological survey of India, succeeding baini Prasad.


He was born at Hafizabad in Punjab (modern day Pakistan). He Schooled in Jalandhar before college at Lahore. He met Thomas Nelson Annandale who visited his college in Lahore in 1919 and was invited to the zoological survey of India. In 1921 he became incharge of ichthyology and he rpetology and in 1947 became superintendent of the ZSI and the director after baini Prasad moved to became an advisor to the government.
He was elected a fellow of the Royal society of Edinbergh in 1929.


The satpura hypothesis, a zoo-geographical hypothesis proposed by him that suggest that the central Indian satpura range of hills acted as a bridge for the gradual migration of Malayan fauna into the peninsula and the Western ghats of India. he supported the theory on the basis of Torrential fishes which had special suckers to hold onto rocks.
Hora was also among the Indian pioneers of fish and wildlife conservation and pointed out the effect of dams on the migration of riverine fishes and noted the poor design of fish ladder in Indian dams.

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