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Roscosmos State Space Corporation (ROSCOSMOS) | Russian Space Agency

Roscosmos State Space Corporation (ROSCOSMOS)

The Roscosmos State Space Corporation for Space Activities  commonly known as Roscosmos in Russian: Роскосмос, is a state corporation responsible for the wide range and the types of space flights and cosmonautics programs for the Russian Federation.
Roscosmos State Space Corporation
Roscosmos State Space Corporation

Formation25 February 1992; 27 years ago (as the Russian Space Agency)
(formerly the
1931–1991 Soviet space program)
Headquarters42 Shchepkina Street, Moscow, Russia
Dmitry Rogozin
Primary spaceport
Baikonur Cosmodrome
Vostochny Cosmodrome
Parent organisation
The Russian Federation government
186.5 billion rubles (2015) ($2.85 billion)
Originally part of the Federal Space Agency (FSA) , the corporation evolved and consolidated itself to the national state corporation on 28 December 2015 through a presidential decree. Before 1992s, Roscosmos was a part of the Russian Aviation and Space Agency .

The headquarters of Roscosmos are located in Moscow, Russia while the main Mission Control space center site is in the nearby city of Korolyov as well as the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut the Training Center located in Star City of Moscow Oblast. The launch facilities used are Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan (with most launches taking place there, both crewed and uncrewed), and Vostochny Cosmodrome being built in the Russian Far East in Amur Oblast.

The current director since the May 2018 is Dmitry Rogozin. In 2015 the Russian government merged Roscosmos with the United Rocket and Space Corporation, the re-nationalized Russian space industry, to create the (RSC) Roscosmos State Corporation.


The Soviet space program did not have the central executive agencies. Instead, its organizational architecture was multi-centered; it was the design bureaus and the council of designers that had the most of say, not the political leadership. The creation of a central agency after the separation of the Russia from the Soviet Union was therefore a new development. The Russian Space Agency (RSA) was formed on February 25/1992, by a decree of President Yeltsin. Yuri Koptev, who had previously worked with the designing Mars landers at NPO Lavochkin, became the agency's first director.

In the early years, the agency suffered from lack of authority as the powerful design bureaus fought to the protect their own spheres of operation and to survive. For example, the decision to keep Mir in operation beyond 1999s was not taken by the agency; instead, it was made by the private shareholder board of the Energia design bureau. Another the example is that the decision to develop the new Angara rocket was rather a function of Khrunichev's ability to attract the resources than a conscious long-term decision by the agency.

RKA operates the number of programs for earth science, communication, and scientific research. Future projects include the Soyuz successor, the Prospective Piloted Transport System, scientific robotic missions to one of the Mars moons as well as an increase in the Lunar orbit research satellites.

Roscosmos State Space Corporation Science programs 

  • Luna- The Glob Moon orbiter with penetrators, planned in 2025
  • Venera- The D Venus lander, planned in 2025
  • Fobos- The Grunt Mars mission, lost in low Earth orbit in 2012

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