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Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota Andhra Pradesh | Space Centre

Satish Dhawan Space Centre

Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) or Sriharikota Range (SHAR) is the rocket launch centre operated by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It is a located in Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh. Sriharikota Range was a renamed in 2002 after ISRO's former chairman Satish Dhawan. SDSC's current director is Arumugam Rajarajan. He is took over from S. Pandian in July 2019.

Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC)
Satish Dhawan Space Centre

Lift-off of GSLV-F08 from the SDSC Second Launch Pad on 29 March 2018
Agency overview
Formed1 October 1971; 48 years ago
JurisdictionGovernment of India
HeadquartersSriharikota, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India
13°43′12″N 80°13′49″E
Employees2152 (as of 2019) 
Annual budgetSee the budget of ISRO
Agency executive
  • Arumugam Rajarajan, Director
Parent agencyISRO
WebsiteISRO SHAR home page

Satish Dhawan Space Centre History

Sriharikota island was a chosen in 1969 for a satellite-launching station. The centre is became operational in 1971 when an RH-125 sounding rocket was a launched. The first attempted launch from an orbital satellite, Rohini 1A took place on 10 Aug 1979, but due to a failure in thrust vectoring of the rocket's second stage, the satellite's orbit decayed on 19 Aug 1979. SHAR was named as 'Satish Dhawan Space Centre' (SDSC), on the 5 September 2002, in memory of Satish Dhawan, former Chairman of the ISRO.

The SHAR facility nowa  consists of two launch pads, with the second built in 2005. The second launch pad was a used for launches beginning in 2005 and is a universal launch pad, accommodating all of the launch vehicles used by ISRO. The two launch pads will allow to multiple launches in a single year, which was not possible earlier. India's lunar orbiter Chandrayaan-one launched from the centre at 6:22:00 AM IST on 22 October 2008. India's first Mars orbiter Mangalyaan was a launched from the centre on 5 November 2013, which was successfully placed into Mars orbit on 24 Sep 2014. On 22 July 2019, India's second lunar mission Chandrayaan-two was launched from this centre, using a GSLV Mk III rocket.

SHAR will be the main base of the Indian Human Spaceflight Programme. Existing the launch facilities will be augmented to meet the target of launching a crewed spacecraft called Gaganyaan.

Satish Dhawan Space Centre Location

Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SHAR) is located in Sriharikota, a spindle-shaped the barrier island on the east coast of Andhra Pradesh. Features like a good launch azimuth corridor for a various missions, nearness to the equator (benefiting eastward launches), and the large uninhabited area for a safety zone make it an ideal spaceport.[citation needed]

SHAR covers a total area of a about 145 km square (56 sq mi) with a coastal length of 27 km (17 mi). Prior to its a acquisition for ISRO by the Indian Government, it was a firewood plantation of eucalyptus and casuarina trees. This island is a affected by both south-westerly and north-easterly monsoons, but heavy rains come only in October and November. Thus many a clear days are available for outdoor static tests and launches.

SHAR is linked to be Sullurupeta by a road across Pulicat Lake. Sullurupeta has a connectivity with other parts of India by Indian Railways and is on the National Highway 16 (India) that connects it to Chennai (about 83 km (52 mi) south) and Kolkata.

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